Kidny and pancreas transplant(skp)
- Category: ORGAN - TRANSPLANTATION
A kidney-pancreas transplant is an operation to place both a kidney and a pancreas – at the same time – into someone who has kidney failure related to type 1 diabetes.
In many cases, both transplanted organs may come from the one deceased donor. However, it is also possible for the kidney to come from a living donor (a family member or friend) and the pancreas from a deceased donor.
This type of transplant treats both kidney failure and diabetes because the new organs replace the function of the failed kidney and the pancreas. The first successful kidney-pancreas transplant in the U.S.A. took place in 1966.
Since then, more of these operations are occurring each year.
Adults whose kidneys have failed because of type 1 diabetes are possible candidates for a kidney-pancreas transplant.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, a hormone that regulates the blood sugar level in body. The transplanted pancreas can produce insulin and correct this type of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes are not candidates for a combined kidney-pancreas transplant.
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes insulin, but the patient’s body tissues are not able to use this insulin properly. For this reason, a pancreas transplant would not help to correct type 2 diabetes.
However, people with this type of diabetes can still have a kidney transplant if they develop kidney failure because of their diabetes.